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literary analysis of the book of ruth

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11. 4. In fact, the final stanza throws light on the devotion of the speaker for this woman of God. The universal monomyth contains four elements: romance and anti-romance, tragedy and comedy.10 These categories are evident in Old Testament stories: “In classical literature, and in the literature of the Old Testament itself, the existence of pregeneric [monomyth] plot structure is not only evident, but is intrinsically necessary to the development of that literature.”11Ruth, as a romance, displays the fulfillment of desire and, as a comedy, the upward movement from the unideal to the ideal. The Book of Ruth is so profound in its structure that it has induced a flood of literary analyses. 7, ed. Pratt fits Ruth into a five-part plot structure.22 Specifically, the plot structure breaks into the following divisions: “I. “For this potential redeemer, the question placed before him was simply a matter to be decided on the basis of financial considerations. A short story set in the time of the Book of Judges, detailing how Ruth, a Moabite widow, finds a new husband.That new husband, as it turns out, is a relative of her mother-in-law Naomi's husband, and part of the lineage that would produce King David (and, according to … The Hebrew short story uses “an artistic and elevated prose containing rhythmic elements which are poetic,” takes an interest in typical people, and seeks to both entertain and instruct.6 “Especially important: they look at ordinary events as being the scene of God’s subtly providential activity. This definition also fits Boaz, who sacrifices his own self-interests (seen in his foil, Mr. It is not clear from any source whom the woman was, but several painters of a later period painted very beautiful paintings after they were inspired by this figure of Ruth. In this respect, Ruth is both modern and Shakespearean in depicting the subtle psychological interplay between men and women when courting, among other things; in this respect, modern movies (e.g. Out of love and faithfulness, Ruth chooses to … Love for the covenant and the preservation of a family in that covenant played no role in his calculations.”27. The story begins with a famine “in the days when the judges ruled” (Ruth 1:1). It exposes the unbeliever to the loving grace of God and His provision of redemption through Jesus Christ. | $32.99. Ultimately, it is about God and His loving-kindness to act as the Faithful Provider to His covenant people and to those who put their trust in Him for wholeness and salvation. Though the story treats Ruth as the heroine, the story revolves around the redemption of Naomi. It also shows her lack of a fear of Yahweh, Whom she abandons in order to return to her Moabite gods. 2, trans. “A Hero is someone who is willing to sacrifice his own needs on behalf of others, like a shepherd who will sacrifice to protect and serve his flock. The use of the harvest cycle is also prevalent in Ruth. While Naomi receives provision and blessing, Ruth is God’s instrument for this. Her lashes conceal her eyes “That had else been too bright.” However, the most beautiful thing is that she was praising the Creator and His creativity with her “sweetest looks.” The speaker was so impressed by her beauty that he immediately correlated his praise with an offer to her to share his own home and harvest in return for her praise to God. “Since both the Old and New Testaments are largely written in story form, narrative is the essence of biblical revelation… That makes understanding narrative essential for all interpreters of the Bible.”1 A literary approach is fundamental to understanding the Bible because many of the parts of the Bible are in literary form. 24 For the sake of ease, this musical takes Machlon as Ruth’s husband, although the biblical text never assigns which husband to which wife. The objection to this kind of literary evaluation is not that it is condensed and offhanded, but that it is so simplistic that it gives a radically wrong impression of the work. Boaz also gives Ruth grain to take back to Naomi so that she would not return empty-handed. Both the Old Testament and the New Testament use various forms to communicate, including story, music, and homiletics. So and So, the nearer kinsman redeemer. Module 3: Literary Analysis of Ruth 1-4 (100 points possible) Read Ruth 1-4 Observation (30 points): Observe how characters are portrayed in the book of Ruth, particularly through their speech and actions. Analysis Of The Book ' The Book Of Ruth ' By Jane Hamilton 1302 Words | 6 Pages. In the beginning, Naomi worries about the lack of bread; she makes the announcement to Ruth and Orpah of her plan to return to Bethlehem while kneading bread (a hint of the hope she has in her return to Bethlehem); Ruth recognizes the provision of bread Boaz will bring with his agreement to marry her; finally, Naomi receives the announcement of Obed’s birth while taking a fresh loaf of bread out of the oven. - Contact Us - Privacy Policy - Terms and Conditions, Definition and Examples of Literary Terms, Speech: “Is this a dagger which I see before me, In Memoriam A. H. H. OBIIT MDCCCXXXIII: 27, Sonnet 55: Not Marble nor the Gilded Monuments. The Road Back: This scene is also Boaz’s Ordeal stage as he speaks with Mr. (Studio City, CA: Michael Wiese Productions, 1998), throughout. A literary analysis of this book enabled an enlightenment of the story development as well as the character development, which revealed the overarching and secondary messages of the Book of Ruth. diss., Dallas Theological Seminary, 1988), 169. The central conceit of the poem “Ruth” is a romantic picture of a lady painted by Thomas Hood in such a way that she seems to be standing before our very eyes. The Enemy exists in the Shadow, the idea of an unredeemed, unprovided for and unprotected life. The Road of Trials), and the Return (consisting of such elements as the Rescue from Without, the Crossing of the Return Threshold, and the Freedom to Live). However, her detachment does not prevent her from empathizing with her characters, nor does her rootlessness make her less conscious of the importance of place. Ruth recognizes that her life is in Yahweh’s tree, and therefore seeks to join His people. Christopher Vogler, The Writer’s Journey: The Mythic Structure for Writers, 2nd ed. 3. While Ruth is the flat character who remains constant, Naomi presents a more complicated character of the Fallen Mentor. Ch. The Search OF the Savior: Why Jesus Came, Part 2 (Gal. 3); IV. The book of Ruth was written to provide a lovely example of the sovereignty and plan of God. 32 Francis Brown, S. R. Driver, Charles A. Briggs, eds., The New Brown-Driver-Briggs-Gesenius Hebrew and English Lexicon, reprinted (Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Publishers, 1979), 145. Erich Zenger (1992) holds down the other pole in the spectrum, claiming that Ruth comes from the Maccabean period (i.e. from Columbia and studied at Midreshet Lindenbaum in Frequently described as being 'delightful' or 'whimsical', it is regarded as a fine example of a short story with full and complete characters. The story centers on the life of Ruth, a Moabite woman who married an Israelite living in a foreign country—Moab. The Book of Ruth is another short story written in the interests of internationalism. This is embodied in the Mr. Learn about the setting, title, ending, allusions and more in an easy-to-understand format. The themes of devotion, kindness, being good to others, and care have been intertwined with love for the lady. Each of these forms deserves to be analyzed according to their genre. End-rhyme comes at the end of each stanza. This was a time when the people of Israel had abandoned God’s ways and fallen into idolatry, horrific social conditions, and a disastrous civil war, as told in the chapters of Judges immediately preceding the Book of Ruth … We might say that literature does not tell about characters and actions and concepts but presents characters in action. On defining literature, Leland Ryken observes that, Literature does not, for example, discourse about virtue but instead shows a virtuous person acting. The purpose of this study is not to explore the book’s many intriguing literary angles, but to consider just its plot structure. Her venues include retreats, special events, an... More, Cracking Old Testament Codes: A Guide to Interpreting the Literary Genres of the Old Testament, The Writer’s Journey: The Mythic Structure for Writers. Loyal love is an important theme of the book (Hebrew hesed or checed; translated “kindly” and “kindness” in Ruth 1:8; 2:20; and 3:10). On her cheek an autumn flush, Deeply ripened;—such a blush In the midst of brown was born, Like red poppies grown with corn. Naomi considers herself cursed by God and sees no hope of security. Among historical narratives in Scripture it is unexcelled in its compactness, vividness, warmth, beauty and dramatic effectiveness -- an exquisitely wrought jewel of Hebrew narrative art. We can see that the rhyme scheme is AABB, such as in the first stanza: She stood breast high amid the corn, A Clasped by the golden light of morn,  A Like the sweetheart of the sun, B Who many a glowing kiss had won. A presupposition of this study is that the book’s plot structure is comic/monomythic. H. Evan Runner and Elisabeth Wichers Runner (St. Catherines, Ontario: Paideia, 1977), 62. This cycle is represented in miniature at Ruth’s Approach (occurring in the evening), Ordeal (at midnight), Reward (at dawn) (see below for further explanation of these stages).20 As a Moabitess seeking redemption in God’s community, she also undergoes the initiation cycle. 27 S. de Graaf, Promise and Deliverance, vol. In seeking to analyze the story of Ruth and Naomi according to its literary genre, this paper traces the plot and character elements in structures evident in early mythological writings as well as modern movies.5 In so doing, this paper will employ literary form and structure to analyze Ruth and its elements. Some refer to the story as an idyllische Novelle (Kaiser, 1969). Death in the beginning sets the story in motion. These patterns represent the fulfillment of desire and the obstacles to it.17 Because the same sovereign God Who is ruling the affairs of men is also ruling the acts of the natural world, these cycles are “rooted in a divine reality beyond the natural world. Ruth: A New Translation with Introduction, Notes, and Commentary, From Exegesis to Exposition: A Practical Guide to Using Biblical Hebrew, He Gave Us Stories: The Bible Student’s Guide to Interpreting Old Testament Narratives. Approach to the Inmost Cave: Naomi prepares and instructs Ruth regarding approaching Boaz. While the family tragedy is surrounded by famine, Ruth and Naomi return to Bethlehem when the famine has been abated at the beginning of the barley harvest, clueing the reader in to the hope they have. The character and function of the Hero should fall to Naomi who has the power to redeem Ruth by bringing her to God’s chosen people. the Hemingway Foundation/PEN Award for her 1988 classic, The Book of Ruth (Shufeldt). In general the literary analysis of the book of Esther can be used pedagogically as follows: *To show that not all reputable scholars agree. Ruth’s social status as not only a widow but as a Gentile Moabitess brought expectations of both a sinful and helpless character. “In an initiation story the hero undergoes a series of ordeals as he passes from ignorance and immaturity to social and spiritual adulthood.”21 Ruth’s character, while always exhibiting virtuous character, passes socially to the next level. 2 (Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1975), 351. Not only does she return to Naomi after the marriage proposal with a promise of redemption but also with tangible evidence of grain. Both the Old Testament and the New Testament use various forms to communicate, including story, music, and homiletics. 5. 41 This jabbed the original Jewish audience. The first chapter introduces Ruth’s sacrificial character. LITERARY ANALYSIS OF THE BOOK OF RUTH PART 2: ON THE ROAD Marc Chagall 1960 Ruth Naomi and Orpah 1Now it came to pass in the days … 35 Ruth finds shelter both in the wings of Yahweh (2:12) and in the covering of Boaz (3:9), further associating Boaz’s role with Yahweh’s role (Grant, “Validity of Pregeneric Plot Structure,” 203-04.). Loyal love. 1 Ruth 1:1 - in the days when the judges governed: This time indicator places the events of the book of Ruth squarely in the history recorded in the book of Judges. 71 Leadership Characters in the Book of Ruth: A Narrative Analysis McNeal, R. (2011), A Work of Heart: Understanding How God Shapes Spiritual Lead- ers , Jossey Bass, San Francisco. Each of these forms deserves to be analyzed according to their genre. Naomi's perseverance, Ruth's faithfulness, as well as the deity's providence are examples of this view. However, because of her loyalty and desire for God, she plays a pivotal role in the storyline of the Bible, becoming the great-grandmother of King David! 842. However, in the end, she is recognized as an ancestor of the great King David of Israel. She stood breast high amid the corn, Clasped by the golden light of morn, Like the sweetheart of the sun, Who many a glowing kiss had won. D. Fewell). The book of Ruth itself, however, as is typical with much of the writing in Hebrew Scripture, does not explicitly indicate who the author is. and its treatment of Ruth’s theology and purpose are strong. The story of Ruth begins with death, moves toward marriage, and finds its ultimate fulfillment in birth. Crossing the First Threshold: Ruth swears an oath to Naomi to remain loyal to her and returns with Naomi to Bethlehem. 34 Helmer Ringgren, “גאל,” in Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament, rev. Her decision highlights Ruth’s sacrifice. 5 Joseph Campbell analyzes the elements of myths and stories from different countries and different times in order to reveal the parallels of the basic plot. Her first novel follows the life of Ruth Grey Dahl, a poor girl in the small town of Honey Creek, Illinois. The Hebrew uses the same term ילדfor sons to show in inclusio Naomi’s loss of sons to her regaining of a child. He lists segments of the common adventure as Departure (including the Call to Adventure, Refusal of the Call, Supernatural Aid, The Crossing of the First Threshold, and the Belly of the Whale), the Initiation (i.e. ed., eds., G. Johannes Botterweck and Helmer Ringgren, trans. Old Testament narratives reveal the character of God.30 In Ruth, God is revealed as the Faithful Provider to the helpless. The New Brown-Driver-Briggs-Gesenius Hebrew and English Lexicon, 4. Ruth: A Discourse Analysis of the Hebrew Bible Daniel Block Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2015 304 pp. The plot of any story revolves around overcoming obstacles. For the Fallen Mentor (Naomi), who herself is journeying, this scene is the Resurrection of Naomi. God is no respecter of persons (Rom. 6. The book displays typical virtuous, beautiful ideals, villains that threaten the heroine’s ascent and final achievement of “the victory of fertility over the wasteland” of a comedy-romance.12 The final society reached at the end is the one that the “audience has recognized all along to be the proper and desirable state of affairs.”13 As a comic plot, “the protagonist encounters obstacles but eventually overcomes them through faith and/or divine intervention.”14 Its story is meant to “inspire, challenge, and encourage us.”15. The legal acts of the Israelites reflect the acts of God. 14 Robert B. Chisholm, Jr., From Exegesis to Exposition: A Practical Guide to Using Biblical Hebrew (Grand Rapids: Baker Books, 1998), 156. However, her actions as well as the speech and thought of the story community proved her to be faithful, loyal, and sacrificial (cf. 11 Reg Grant, “The Validity of Pregeneric Plot Structure in Ruth as a Key to Interpretation” (Ph.D. The Ordeal: Ruth’s Ordeal comes in the form of a marriage proposal to Boaz. The narrator is a master at painting word pictures.”[6] While it can be argued that one purpose of the Book of Ruth is the historical and genealogical transition from the period of the Judges to the time of King David, the overarching purpose and theme of the book of Ruth is to demonstrate the providence and sovereignty of God. Like Naomi, she moves from the deathlike experience of the childless widow to the rebirth of marriage. The fact that it is the two women, Ruth and Naomi, who drive the plot forward, indicates that the Book of Ruth is a woman's story. The Book of Ruth is called ῾Ρούθ in the Greek Septuagint. Naomi’s Bitterness (ch. after the expulsion of the Greek occupiers in Israel and before Rome’s domination of Palestine). Boaz Agrees to be Kinsman Redeemer (ch. Orpah was more interested in her perceived well-being than in remaining loyal to her proper family ties (Deuteronomy 25:5 notes that a widow is not to remarry outside the family). 36 Chisholm From Exegesis to Exposition, 226. The book of Ruth is a Hebrew short story, told with consummate skill. Meeting with the Mentor: Herein lies the irony: Ruth’s meeting with the Mentor becomes her first test as a meeting with the Threshold Guardian (the one who attempts to barricade entrance into the first stage). It is the Abrahamic covenant in reverse: instead of the nations being blessed through Israel, Israel is blessed through a Gentile. One effect of this is that life becomes filled with meaning, since every event takes on spiritual significance.”18 This coincides with Frye’s analysis of the imagery and cyclical elements of story. Ruth’s character demonstrates both the death-rebirth and the initiation cycles. 6 Edward F. Campbell, Ruth: A New Translation with Introduction, Notes, and Commentary, The Anchor Bible, vol. 2D. Tests, Allies, and Enemies: Ruth’s continued hard work in the fields wins her Allies in Boaz’s foreman and in Boaz himself. In so doing, he provides an example of Yahweh, who is the redeemer of the widows and the orphans.35 As Ruth was delivered from poverty, unprotected and unprovided for, Yahweh also delivers His people from distress and ultimately from death through Christ’s sacrifice on and the cross and victory over. The muse was from the Romantic period, described as working in the fields in the autumn season. 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